Unlike men, women who remain seated for long hours daily are more vulnerable to developing Type 2 diabetes. In comparison to the people who sit less, early metabolic defects that act as a precursor to developing this disease, are shown by the women who are sedentary for most hours of the day. Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong disease in which there are high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Diabetes is caused by a problem in the way your body makes or uses insulin. Insulin is needed to move blood sugar (glucose) into cells, where it is stored and later used for energy.
Type 2 diabetes is caused when your fat, liver, and muscle cells do not respond correctly to insulin. This is called insulin resistance. As a result, blood sugar does not get into these cells to be stored for energy. When sugar cannot enter cells, high levels of sugar build up in the blood. This is called hyperglycemia. Type 2 diabetes usually occurs slowly over time. Family history and genes also play a large role in type 2 diabetes. Poor diet, low activity level and excess body weight around the waist increase your risk. Often, people with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms at first. The early symptoms of diabetes may include kidney, skin, bladder, or other infections that are more frequent or heal slowly, fatigue, hunger, increased thirst, and increased urination. The first symptom may also be erectile dysfunction, pain or numbness in the feet or hands and blurred vision.
Females who spent the longest time sitting have higher levels of insulin, as well as higher amounts of C-reactive protein and chemicals released by fatty tissue in the abdomen, leptin, and interleukin6. The gender difference might be because women might snack more often than men during sedentary behavior, or because men tend to take part in more robust activity when they do get up and about.
Regular exercise is important for diabetic patients. Exercise in which your heart beats faster and you breathe faster helps lower your blood sugar level without medication. It also burns extra calories and fat so you can manage your weight. Exercise can help your health by improving blood flow and blood pressure. Exercise also increases the body’s energy level, lowers tension, and improves your ability to handle stress.