Migraine is the common problem with people worldwide and is defined as the chronic neurological disorder characterized by moderate nausea and several headaches. In comparison to males this problem occurs three times more frequently in females. The true and specific migraine headache is pulsating in nature and affects only one half of the brain which means that it is unilateral and it usually lasts from 6 to 48 hours. True migraine headaches are not a result of a brain tumor or other serious medical problem. However, only an experienced health care provider can determine whether your symptoms are due to a migraine or another condition.
Approximately one-third of people who suffer from migraine headaches perceive an aura—transient visual, sensory, language, or motor disturbances signaling the migraine will soon occur. Hence, vision disturbances, or aura, are considered a “warning sign” that a migraine is coming. The aura occurs in both eyes and may involve blurred vision, a temporary blind spot and pain in the eye, seeing stars or zigzag lines and tunnel vision. Not every person with migraines has an aura. Those who usually develop aura, feel it about 10 – 15 minutes before the headache. However, it may occur just a few minutes to 24 hours beforehand. A headache may not always follow an aura. Other symptoms that may occur with the headache include fatigue, nausea and vomiting, sweating, sensitivity to light (photophobia), increased urination, numbness, tingling, chills and sensitivity to sound (phonophobia). Symptoms may linger even after the migraine has gone away. Patients with migraine sometimes call this a migraine “hangover.”
Many migraine sufferers have noticed that, at times, migraine and depression seem to go together and there is strong evidence to support this. However, it is not known whether treating migraine affects depressive symptoms or treating depression affects migraine symptoms. Understanding the nature of the association between migraine and psychiatric disorders has strong implications for diagnosis and treatment. Several mechanisms of comorbidity may be considered like psychiatric disorders and migraine is associated as a result of chance or Migraine is a causal factor in the development of psychiatric conditions or vice versa or both. Besides that, there might be shared environmental risks and even a common shared aetiological factor may explain the co-occurrence of both disorders.
Prophylactic or preventive treatment of migraines such as taking preventive drugs, migraine surgery, taking nutritional supplements and lifestyle alterations can be an important component of migraine management.